2021/12/27

Putnam County Crime Rate

Talent Hollow at Sunset, Green Mountain Rd, Putnam County, Tennessee

Putnam County, Tennessee is located approximately equidistant between Nashville and Knoxville along Interstate 40. It's the hub of the Upper Cumberland region. Due to misinformation being proliferated on social media, I am providing this public dataset in a digestible format.



Trends within the data show Tennessee Tech University (TTU) as having a very small per capita report crime rate, where Cookeville tends to have the highest crime rate. Small municipalities show broad variations in annual change, which is to be expected with smaller populations. Broadly, the crime rate has been decreasing for the last 20 years. The Tennessee line is a good broad estimate of what the larger regional trend is.

The strong drop in Cookeville and Putnam's crime rate at 2020 likely shows the effects of the Coronavirus.




The tables above show the data as it was provided from the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation's database, TIBRS.

2021/10/04

Cave Locations on the Internet

As any conservation minded individual will tell you, having a cave location be public knowledge is usually a recipe for disaster. It's a very well documented phenomena that people break cave formations, vandalize caves with spray paint and other mediums, and leave gross amounts of trash behind. Even well meaning hikers and outdoors people may not realize the nuance of landowner relations and by accessing private property may upset relationships that cavers have worked hard to develop so that we may have access to caves.

The proliferation of geodata in many accessible forms is eroding the secrecy that the caving community has long used to protect underground resources. Here's a guide with suggestions on how one can protect these sensitive places from occuring on Internet.






The first thing to realize about Google maps is that deleting a feature is nearly impossible. It's possible to "take ownership" of a feature if you claim it as a business, which involves recieving some mail from Google and plugging in some numbers they mail you. The easiest method I have found to manage a feature on Google Maps is as follows.

1) Locate the feature.


2) Suggest and edit.


3) Change name or other details.


4) Update location on map.



5) Select a location that is meaningful.
Here I have chosen a local city park, Ensor Sink. A small cave is located there, and there is an interpretive kiosk with information about caves, hydrology, and conservation. It's a well developed resource which has values consistent with that of the caving community.


6) Update the Website.
I have chosen to update the website for the feature to that of the National Speleological Society so that people interested in caves will be more easily connected with the community.






For this example I am going to use a feature on public lands, Lost Creek Cave. Because the location of this cave is so well known, and even publicised by its land manager, the State of Tennessee, I will not actually delete this feature from the map. This simple serves as an illustration on how one would remove a cave from OSM.

1) Log in
You will need to create an account with OSM if you do not already have one.

2) Locate the feature.


3) Select the feature by clicking on it.


4) Edit the feature.
Expand all attributes and use the trash can to delete feature name and any tags which exist.


5) Save your work. Click the save button in the upper right when you are done.


2021/09/09

Standing Stone State Park and State Forest

For the purpose of this blog post I will be treating Standing Stone State Park and Standing Stone State Forest as a single entity. However, they are distinct, and are managed by different entities with different objectives. Both the State Park and State Forest are located entirely within Overton County, Tennessee about 10 miles northwest of the city of Livingston.

Standing Stone State Park

Standing Stone State Park is approximately 1000 acres surrounding Standing Stone Lake. It is itself surrounded by 8000 acres of State Forest of the same name. The park is a celebration of the efforts of the Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC). The large earthwork dam is made of hewn sandstone.



Being a State Park, this area is managed for recreation. Camping there is popular at their rustic cabins. Most people come for hiking trails, fishing, and for paddle boats or kayaking on the small lake.

Standing Stone State Forest

There seems to be a degree of confusion as to the meaning of a State Forest designation. Land management on State Forests often attract criticism due to this misunderstanding. Taken from their own website, this is their stated objective:

    The Tennessee Department of Agriculture Division of Forestry has been protecting, conserving, and enhancing our state’s forest resources for over 100 years. The Tennessee Division of Forestry extinguishes 1,000 fires that burn 20,000 acres each year and helps control the disease and insect pests that plague our forests. It provides professional, timely, up-to-date, science-based technical and financial assistance to family forest landowners, communities, non-government organizations, forest industry, and others with an interest in the conservation of Tennessee’s forests.

Clear cut, Standing Stone State Forest, Overton County, Tennessee
Further the criticism they often draw is due to clearcuts. This is what they have to say about that:

    Clearcutting is a forest regeneration technique that creates wide, open spaces with lots of sun exposure. This allows the most sunlight to reach tree seedlings that require full-sun conditions to thrive. Clearcutting also creates forest clearings that are habitat for various wildlife species.

Often, but not always the Division of Forestry shares some management responsibilities with Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA) and the State Forest will allow licensed hunting and fishing. This is the case at the Standing Stone State Forest. For questions on hunting seasons, please consult this Summary of Tennessee Hunting and Trapping Season Dates.

Geography & Geology

Standing Stone is nestled within the lower elevations of the Eastern Highland Rim and the upper elevations of the Nashville Basin, as defined by geologic context. Its landscape is defined by rolling to steep hills with few waterfalls and cliffs. The large natural area created by the publicly owned land is a refuge for wildlife, plants, and trees. In all seasons the area shows off the beauty of our region (my own personal favorite season to enjoy Standing Stone is the Spring).

Waterfalls

While Standing Stone isn't known for its waterfalls, there are a few noteworthy ones within the park and state forest.







Botany

Protection of such a large swath of land has made the wildflower seasons a delight. The sloping hills, with seeps of water at random locations all provide lots of microbiomes for different plant communities to thrive in. Additionally, karst microclimates provide places for plants with cooler preferences.

Blephilia ciliata, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, Tennessee 1Matelea carolinensis, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, TennesseeSpigelia marilandica, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, Tennessee Hydrangea arborescens, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, TennesseeSaxifraga virginiensis, Standing Stone State Park, Tennessee 1Trillium erectum, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, Tennessee Delphinium tricorne, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, TennesseeSilene virginica, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, Tennessee 1Trillium grandiflorum, Standing Stone State Park, Overton County, Tennessee

Further Resources

Official State Park
Official State Forest
Google Map
Tennessee Landforms