2021/08/18

Unnamed Cave 61

Throughout a caver's career, certain caves stand out as important, or defining to them. One such cave, which I will refer to by its archaeological name, Unnamed Cave 61, is such a cave for me. I was present when the discovery of its prehistoric art was first made. It was a cave which I was able to lead a team of cavers to for what we at the time believed to be the first time. I later learned, and corrected and updated an existing cave's location and moved our records over to it. The original cave point was thousands of feet away.

This cave I have come to think of as "mine" though I in no way own or have any rights to it. But we take things seriously which are personal, and vice versa. I am aware of the faults in this viewpoint, but it's also an extension of my own love for this particular cave.

All that serves to preface my walkthrough of the cave, and its amazing contents.

Panel, Painted light, Unnamed Cave 61 In this first image of the panel, one can see it naturally. It was photographed with painted light from a headlamp by a tripod mounted camera at close range. As a cave explorer, the faded charcoal pigment is not easy to see unless you slow down and intentionally look for it.
Panel, Painted light - D-Stretch, Unnamed Cave 61 In this image, a D-Stretch version of the panel has been made. Local contrast is provided by color. Individual parts can be made out, but the whole panel isn't clearly visible. Detailed processing of the D-Stretch image may improve panel detail.
Panel, Painted light - D-Stretch - B Channel, Unnamed Cave 61 This image is the B channel of a LAB color space image, and provides a nice contasted image by which to see the panel's detail.
Panel, Longwave light, Unnamed Cave 61 This is an image of the panel shot with longwave light (365nm). The experiment was to see if using this, or any of its possible color spaces would provide additional information or detail to the panel.
Panel, Longwave light - D-Stretch, Unnamed Cave 61 This image is the D-Stretch version of the longwave light image. The "stars" visible are likely bacterial colonies on the rock.


Chris Morris made this lovely 3d model of the panel that can be viewed here



This first panel has some spectacular interpretation, which I will attempt to provide you with. The main panel has a geologic feature called a styolite (8) that runs across it. The artists appear to have used this naturally occurring geologic feature to separate the underworld with the land above within the context of their art. Knowing this about the styolite one can clearly discern the three realms of Native American mythology: The heavens, Earth, and the underworld.

In the heavens, one can see a star shape (1), likely representing the sun. In the underworld one can see a cresent moon (2), and a pack of quadrupeds (4). The right-most quadruped is turned vertical approximately 90 degrees (6). Around the corner, is the warrior (3) with a headress on and bow drawn.

The Earth portion of the panel includes a figure, dubbed "Touchdown man" (5) who has his arms thrown to the heavens. Another quadruped (7) is visible and deep scratches (10) which mar a portion of the pictograph. The scratches are believed to have been from a later Native American that visited the cave. Perhaps they disagreed with the symbology, or wanted to have their own conversation with the cave.

Returning to the warrior, his placement is important within the cave. He is hiding around the corner from the entrance of the cave, weapon ready. He is guarding the cave with his pack of quadrupeds - or perhaps they are dogs. The last dog, the one turned vertically is drawn that way because it is metaphorically on the steep slope at the entrance of the cave. This spirit warrior, drawn by a Native American is believed to be the cave's protector.

01 - Star
1 - Star

02 - Moon
2 - Moon

03 - Warrior
3 - Warrior

04 - Quadrupeds
4 - Quadrupeds

05 - Touchdown Man
5 - Touchdown Man

06 - Vertical Quadruped
6 - Vertical quadruped

07 - Above Ground Quadruped
7 - Above ground quadruped

08 - Styoloite
8 - Styoloite

9 - Stokemarks (not pictured) 10 - Petroglyphs
10 - Petroglyphs atop pictographs

2021/08/13

Concerts

For my own records, and for anyone interested, these are the concerts I have attended.

1995 06 06 - White Zombie, Reverend Horton Heat, The Melvins at Starwood



1996/05/04 - Toadies, Brother Cain, The Nixons, God Lives Underwater, Lounge Flounders at Edge of the Cumberland


1996/07/09 - The Cure at Starwood


1997/03/29 - Bush at Nashville Arena


1997/04/04 - Descendants and Suicide Machine


1997/05/17 -Better Than Ezra, Sponge, The Verve Pipe, Tonic, Cowboy Mouth, The Honeyrods at Edge of the Cumberland


1997/08/12 - Rage Against the Machine, Wu-Tang Clan, and Atari Teenage Riot at Starwood Amphitheatre


1997/09/13 - BB King at Nashville Fairgrounds (?)


1998/08/07 - Dave Matthews Band at Starwood Amphitheatre


1999/02/23 - Sunny Day Real Estate, Heroic Doses, and MK Ultra at 328 Performance Hall


1999/11/05 - George Clinton and Parliament Funkadelic at 328 Performance Hall


2000/09/14 - Buzzfest 2000 at Amsouth Amphitheatre
Cowboy Mouth, Dynamite Hack, Eve 6, Everclear, Everlast, Fuel, Nickelback, P.O.D., Sum 41


2000/10/13 - Counting Crows and Live at Amsouth Amphitheatre


2001/05/19 - The Toadies at 328 Performance Hall


2001/05/20 - Finger 11, Drowning Pool, Boy Hits Car at 328 Performance Hall

2021/08/10

Bee Rock in Monterey, Tennessee



Bee Rock is a spectacular, east-facing overlook and is managed as a city park in Monterey, Tennessee. Like it's counterpart, Meadow Creek Park, it is a great place for rock climbing. Because of its aspect, it's an excellent photographic destination for sunrises for most of the year. In the map above, sunrise angles are shown with geographic context related to Bee Rock. The two angles facing east represent the Summer and Winter solstices (north and south respectively). The green shaded area shows the "viewshed" from the observer's location.

Bee Rock, Putnam County, Tennessee Verble Hollow, Putnam County, Tennessee Bee Rock overlook, Putnam County, Tennessee 8 Kathie South Ferrari, Jason Lavender, Bee Rock, Putnam County, Tennessee 1Warren Wyatt, Kathie South Ferrari, Bee Rock, Putnam County, Tennessee Bee Rock overlook, Putnam County, Tennessee 4 Campground Natural Bridges, Putnam County, Tennessee

Meadow Creek Park in Monterey, Tennessee

The Town of Monterey’s search for an alternate water source led decision makers to a 300-acre tract five miles East on State Route 62, the Clarkrange Highway in the late 1980’s. Once the location of a coal mining operation, and traversed by Meadow Creek, the terrain was suited for a 100-acre lake behind a well-placed dam on the stream. The lake and 200 plus acres of shoreline went virtually unnoticed until 2015 when the town’s governing body realized the potential for this majestic asset and authorized the creation of a master plan to guide the development of the property into a grand park, an outdoor enthusiasts’ paradise. The evolvement of Meadow Creek Park is in its infancy but significant enough to merit the attention of professional trail builders and volunteer groups with skill sets compatible with objectives of the overall plan. Financial Support from avid individuals and business heavyweights such as Perdue Foundation and Signature Health have been critical. In November 2020, Upper Cumberland Southern Off Road Bicycle Association opened nearly two miles of trail that will eventually encircle the entire perimeter of the lake. Future goals at Meadow Creek Park include additional hiking/biking trails, wilderness camping, designated rock-climbing sites, kayak and boat rentals and a fishing pier.

Additional Resources:
Meadow Creek Park Trifold Brochure
Meadow Creek Park - Hi-res Lidar Topographic Map

Meadow Creek Park, Monterey, Putnam County, Tennessee [Map] Meadow Creek Park - Trail, Monterey, Putnam County, Tennessee [Map] Meadow Creek dam, Meadow Creek Park, Putnam County, Tennessee 8 Meadow Creek Lake, Meadow Creek Park, Putnam County, Tennessee 5 Meadow Creek Lake, Meadow Creek Park, Putnam County, Tennessee 3 Meadow Creek dam, Meadow Creek Park, Putnam County, Tennessee 3 Trail, Meadow Creek Park, Putnam County, Tennessee

Winding Stairs in Lafayette, Tennessee

Winding Stairs, Lafayette, Macon County, Tennessee [Map]

The Winding Stairs is a unique waterfall located in a city park of the same name in Lafayette, Tennessee. It is a narrow and short limestone canyon formed in the upper Ordovician units of the Nashville Basin physiographic province, with the watershed being mostly within the lower Mississippian Fort Payne Limestone. The waterfall begins in the Ordovician units whose thinly bedded stratigraphy resemble stairs.

The park has access for wheelchairs, and has easily accessible overlooks for children and elderly people to enjoy. The trail beyond the paved portion gets steep and rocky very quickly.

Steep, rocky terrain with intermittant seeps makes springtime at Winding Stairs an excellent time to find plenty of beautiful wildflowers.

Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 7Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 8 Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 9Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 11 Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 3Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 4 Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 1 Winding Stair Cascade, Winding Stairs Park, Macon County, Tennessee 12